Rising Celebrities in the (American) Film Industry in the 1920s

1. General Information
2. Major Film Studios
3. The ”talkies”
4. Most famous celebrities
4.1. Gloria Swanson
4.2. Charlie Chaplin
4.3. Rudolph Valentino
4.4. F. Scott Fitzgerald &
The Great Gatsby
5. Sources

1.General Information

The Twenties were a time of radical change (Technology,discoveries and inventions.)
First real celebrities began to appear with the rise of the mass media in the form of radio and movies, books, sports and Broadway shows. During the First World War, going to the cinema, was very popular. It was a way of escaping from the world’s problems. The Cinema influenced people in the way in which people behaved. Hollywood was the perfect place for outdoor filming. (Because of the dry and sunny weather)

2.Major Film Studios

Warner Bros. Pictures
Paramount
RKO Pictures (Radio-Keith-Orpheum)
Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer
Fox Film Corporation/ Foundation

The major film studios build ‘picture palaces’ designed for orchestras to play music for the movies. 1914 in New York City the Strand Theater opened with 3,300-seats. By 1920, there were more than 20,000 movie houses in the US. The largest theater in the world the Roxy Theater opened in New York City in 1927, with a 6,200 seat capacity.

3.The ”talkies”

The ”talkies” are new sound films. Warner Brothers introduced a new sound-on-disc system. Sound effects and music were recorded on a wax record that would later be synchronized with the film projector. People thought synchronized sound was a novelty; though it was a revolution.

4.Gloria Swanson

One of the most prominent stars during the silent film era. produced own Films: the Love(s) of Sunya (1927). first feature film shown at the Roxy Theater. Popularity waned during the 1930s. She made a comeback in the 1950s, starring in Sunset Boulevard.

4.2.Charlie Chaplin

He is an english actor, silent film star, comedian & filmmaker.. He scored an immediate hit with American audiences. Chaplin is Famous for his role “Charlie the Tramp” . He is an inspiration for many people. Chaplin wrote, directed, produced, edited, starred in, and composed the music for most of his films. He was a perfectionist, and many of his films contain social and political themes, as well as autobiographical elements.

4.3.Rudolph Valentino

Rudolph Valentino was an Italian-American film actor. Valentino moved to Hollywood, taking up small film roles until he landed his breakout role as Julio in The Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse (1921). Known as the “Great Lover” of the 1920s, he starred in several romantic dramas, including The Sheik (1921), Blood and Sand (1922) and The Eagle (1925). His star status was evident after his sudden death in 1926 — at just 31 years old, the actor suffered a ruptured ulcer (Magengeschwür) causing fans to grieve worldwide and a number of women committed suicide.

4.4.The Great Gatsby – by F. Scott Fitzgerald (U.S.) 1925

”The novel that defined the era.” (Literature of the 1920s posted on October 11, 2013 by aporchestra)
The book was Inspired by the parties Fitzgerald attended on Long Island’s north shore. He had the aim of producing “something new’something extraordinary and beautiful and simple and intricately patterned.”
Herbert Brenon & Carl Laemmle, the maker of the universal studios, wrote the screenplay for ”The Great Gatsby” and they published the silent movie of ”The Great Gatsby” in 1926.

Sources:
https://prezi.com/lddqj5xuuplh/celebrities-in-the-1920s/
http://www.1920s-fashion-and-music.com/famous-people-in-the-1920s.html
The Roaring 20s and the rise of celebrity
http://history.journalism.ku.edu/1920/1920.shtml
http://www.thepeoplehistory.com/1920s.html
http://www.filmsite.org/20sintro.html
http://history.journalism.ku.edu/1920/1920.shtml
http://images.art.com/images/products/regular/12554000/12554226.jpg
http://0.tqn.com/y/history1900s/1/L/R/N/1/Einstein3.jpg
http://i.huffpost.com/gen/791306/original.jpg
http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/1/11/Rudolph_Valentino.jpg
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UYOY8dkhTpU
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DnjSVSykNsA
http://www.google.de/imgres?imgurl=http%3A%2F%2Fia.media-imdb.com
https://www.bbc.co.uk/bitesize/410.shtml
http://www.filmsite.org/images/1920s-history.jpg

Rising Celebrities in the (American) Film Industry in the 1920s
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