Today I went to tell you something about Aboriginals and their art.
First. Who are Aboriginal people and where do they come from?
Aboriginal mean the Natives of Australia.
They came from South Asia. They found Australia for 50 000 years. The people who became known as the Australian Aborigines were hunter and gatherers. They had domesticated wild dogs – Dingoes. Dingoes and boomerangs helped the Aboriginal to hunt they food.
Second. The European came
When the first European settlers arrived in 1788 the Aborigines were the sole occupants of Australia. A hundred years later Aborigines no longer owner of the continent and many Aboriginal groups were struggling for survival. Even where white settlement was sparse, traditional Aboriginal society was often strongly influenced by the presence of the new arrivals. It wasn’t peaceful.
Third Aboriginal art
Aboriginal art is art made by the Australian Aboriginals.
Aboriginal rock art is part of a tradition of painting and engraving that stretches back thousands of years. Some of the oldest surviving examples so far found are the rock engravings in the Pilbara in Western Australia and in the Olary region of South Australia which may be as much as 40 000 years old.
Some Aboriginal engravings and paintings are so old that we can not know who made them, why they were made, or what their real meaning might be. We can only guess, based on knowledge of Aboriginal life past and present, the stories and legends of Aboriginal people and, maybe, what the pictures look like to present-day eyes. Other rock paintings, however, are relatively recent and are part of living tradition. They are still very important to people who know and respect their meanings. A few are even repainted by men and women who have the traditional right to do so.
It’s a painting on the interior of a strip of tree bark. The designs seen on authentic bark paintings are traditional designs that are owned by the artist, or his “skin”, or his clan, and cannot be painted by other artists.
There is much more Aboriginal Art movements. For example: Carvings and sculpture, Rock engravings or Stone arrangements.
Modern Aboriginal artists
In 1934 Australian painter Rex Batterbee taught Aboriginal artist Albert Namatjira western style watercolour landscape painting, along with other Aboriginal artists at the Hermannsburg mission in the Northern Territory. It became a popular style, known as the Hermannsburg School, and sold out when the paintings were exhibited in Melbourne, Adelaide and other Australian cities. Namatjira became the first Aboriginal Australian citizen, as a result of his fame and popularity with these watercolour paintings.
gatherers – Sammler
domesticated – gezähmt
sole owner – alleinige Besitzer
struggling for survival – um ihr Überleben kämpfen
sparse – selten, geringe Dichte
society – Gesellschaft
influenced – beeinflusst
new arrivals – Neuankömmlinge
engraving – Gravur
stretches – reicht (zurück reichen)
surviving examples – erhaltene Beispiele
meaning – Bedeutung
guess – erraten
recent – kürzlich
bark – Baumrinde
the interior of a strip of tree bark – das Innere eines Streifens aus Baumrinde
carvings and sculpture – Schnitzereien und Skulpturen
movements – Richtungen
engravings – Gravierungen
(Bei Weiterbenutzung bitte Autor und Quellen angeben. Danke. Euer Frempel.)